In the most basic terms, you are using a computer or computers to solve cryptographic equations and record that data to a blockchain. Taking this a bit deeper, miners verify the hashes of unconfirmed blocks and receive a reward for every hash that is verified.
The process is computationally intensive, requiring state-of-the-art hardware if you are planning on making much headway with mining. Mining, as it was back in the days of the gold rush, is not for the faint of heart. And as with all high-end systems, it's less a case of how much do you want to spend, and more a case of how fast do you want to spend. So, what hardware do you need to mine cryptocurrency?
OK, the "rig" is essentially a customized PC. Where things deviate from the norm is when it comes to the graphics cards. You're going to need quite a powerful GPU for mining, and likely you are going to be buying more than one. A lot more. In fact, you can think of a mining rig as a relatively cheap PC with one or more high-performance GPUs attached.
You need to connect multiple graphics cards to a single system, which means you also need a motherboard to handle that. You'll also be looking at more than one power supply unit PSU if you're planning to push things to the extremes.
There are also some other mining-specific items you'll need to make the mining rig ready for mining. OK, let's start with the motherboard. The Asus B Mining Expert is a beast of a motherboard, capable of having 19 graphics cards connected to it. That's a lot. The board isn't new -- it was released in -- and it is finicky when it comes to setting up it needs a specific layout of AMD and Nvidia graphics cards ,. Asus has published recommend GPU layouts for , , and card for this board, and while other layouts might work, I recommend staying with what the manufacturer suggests, as veering away from this is a recipe for a serious -- not to mention expensive -- headaches.
Yes, prices are soaring for this motherboard, but that's part and parcel of bitcoin mining. A lot less powerful, but a fraction of the price. This quad-core Core i5 is perfect for this setup and works great with the motherboard chosen above. You're not going to overspend on RAM either. SKILL fits the bill. Also: Best external hard drives. Depending on how many graphics cards you have installed, you may need multiple PSUs. It's tempting to find the cheapest possible, but since they are going to be pushed hard, I recommend paying a little more.
These Segotep PSUs are middle-of-the-road good value, yet they offer reliable performance. The modular nature also means that you're not turning the mining rig into a spaghetti of wires. This is where a bitcoin mining rig differs from a regular PC in that you can't have all the graphics cards directly attached to the motherboard, so these risers allow you to connect them indirectly. You're going to need one of these for every card you connect other than the card that goes into the x16 PCI-e slot.
This six-pack of powered risers are great and provide stable power to your graphics cards. I do not recommend using non-powered risers. I've had nothing but problems with stability using them in the past in cryptomining rigs, so don't make the same mistake I made! This is a great card and everything you're looking for in a mining rig. Loads of potential for overclocking, stable, and great cooling. Another nice side benefit is that it's quite an efficient card, which means lower power consumption and reduced mining costs.
How to tell if your iPhone Lightning charging cable is a fake. Microsoft Build developer conference: Coming May 24 to a screen near you. How to get into tech as a nurse. If you're okay replacing the card's fans in the future, or if you want to mod the card with better cooling pads in the first place, you can definitely achieve the NiceHash performance figures.
Power use as measured using Powenetics would of course increase. We were relatively close on the Ti performance, and our earlier power data showed much better results than NiceHash, but now those figures have been updated and are slightly lower than our measured power. The RTX meanwhile ended up with similar performance, but our power results were significantly higher — perhaps our EVGA sample just wasn't a good starting point.
The current thinking for a lot of miners is that Nvidia's RTX series cards are superior to AMD, but that's really only true if you look at pure hashrates on the and Factor in power efficiency and things are much closer. Besides, it's not like you can buy any of these GPUs right now — unless you're willing to fork out a lot of money or have some good industry contacts for building your mining farm. The principles we've outlined above generally apply to the older GPUs as well.
We're going to skip all the baseline performance metrics this time, and just jump straight to optimized performance. Note that outside of the RX and , and the three GTX variants, all of our tests were done using the reference models from AMD and Nvidia, which tend to be more of a baseline or worst-case scenario for most GPUs.
We'll list our optimized settings below, but here are the results. Our Vega cards are also reference models and were far more finnicky than other GPUs. For Nvidia's Turing GPUs, performance again correlates pretty much directly with memory bandwidth, though with a few interesting exceptions.
Notice that the Super, Super, and Super all end up with nearly identical performance? That's not an error. The odd bit is that the Super requires substantially higher memory clocks to get there. Most likely the memory timings on the GDDR6 in the Super are more relaxed looser , so even though bandwidth is higher, bandwidth plus latency ends up balancing out.
The Ti and Super are basically the same speed, though we had better luck with memory overclocking on the Super. That reduces power use and temperatures and boosts overall efficiency. Stepping back one generation further to Pascal GTX series , the approach changes a bit. Maximum memory clocks are still critical, but core clocks start to matter more—the architecture isn't tuned for compute as much as Turing and Ampere.
We got our best results by overclocking the GPU core and memory speed, but then setting a power limit. Tweaking AMD's previous generation GPUs is a bit different, in that rather than limiting the power, the best approach is to tune the voltage and clock speed. Not surprisingly, the older the GPUs get, the lower the hash rates and efficiency become. Let's start with the previous generation and move back from there. Move back to the Vega architecture and the large memory bandwidth that comes from HBM2 comes into play.
But Vega was also a power-hungry architecture, and it benefits from turning down the GPU clocks. That gave mining clocks of MHz. Vega 64 and Vega 56 used similar settings, but half the memory capacity and bus width limits performance quite a bit relative to the Radeon VII. Also, our results on the reference blower cards are probably far less than ideal—just about any custom Vega card would be a better choice than these blowers.
We experienced a lot of crashing on the two Vega cards while trying to tune performance. And then there's Polaris. Much like the Pascal GPUs, our tuning efforts took more time and effort. Besides setting a low voltage of mV, depending on the card, we set the memory timings to level2 in Radeon Settings, and that gave the best results with reasonable power use. Here's a gallery of all the 'tuned' settings we used for the legacy cards.
Use at your own risk, and know that some cards prefer different miner software or simply fail to work with certain miners. Is it possible to improve over our results? This is just a baseline set of performance figures and data, using our specific samples.
Again, non-reference cards often perform a bit better, and if you want to research VBIOS flashing and hardware modding it's possible to hit higher hash rates. But out of the box, these are numbers that just about any card using one of these GPUs should be able to match. This brings us to the final point we want to make. Suppose you already have a graphics card and want to mine using your GPU's spare cycles. In that case, it might be worth considering, particularly if you live in an area where power isn't super expensive.
At the same time, we strongly recommend against 'redlining' your card for maximum hashrate at all costs. They will burn out if you run them that way. We also have serious concerns with any component temperature that's consistently at or above C or really, even 90C.
Will it be long enough to recover the cost of the card? That's the big unknown. Here's the thing to remember: Cryptocurrencies are extremely volatile. This means that, as fast as the price shot up, it could plummet just as quickly. At one point, it might have been possible to break even on the cost of a new GPU in a few months.
These days, it would take more than a year at current rates, assuming nothing changes. It could go up, but the opposite is more likely. Just ask the GameStop 'investors' how that worked out if you think the sky's the limit. Again, if you already have a GPU, putting it into service isn't a terrible idea — it's your hardware, do with it what you please. Paying extreme prices for mid-range hardware to try and build your own personal mining mecca, on the other hand, is a big risk.
You might do fine, you might do great, or you might end up with a lot of extra PC hardware and debt. Plus, what about all the gamers that would love to buy a new GPU right now and they can't? Somebody, please think of the gamers!
Anyway, if you're looking for additional information, here is our list of the best mining GPUs , and we've checked profitability and daily returns of each GPU. Just remember to account for power costs and cash out enough coins to cover that, and then hopefully you won't get caught holding the bag. From the first S3 Virge '3D decelerators' to today's GPUs, Jarred keeps up with all the latest graphics trends and is the one to ask about game performance.
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We are not pleased.
Bitcoin Gold is a variant of the cryptocurrency Bitcoin that was created in It was also created with the goal of making Bitcoin mining more democratic by providing a version of Bitcoin that can be mined using GPUs. Because BTG is a fork of Bitcoin, the only differences are the block time and block reward, which are 10 minutes and If Bitcoin Gold BTG maintains its bullish price trend this year, it may extend the uptrend into It is aimed at decentralizing mining.
As a result, with the proper mining setup, anyone can mine RVN effectively at home. KAPOW is the algorithm that the cryptocurrency employs. Ravencoin was first released in November of by its creators. Ravencoin is a derivative of the Bitcoin protocol. Ravencoin, on the other hand, differs from Bitcoin in that project owners could issue and transfer assets and sub-assets. It also features a one-minute block period and a total coin supply of 21 billion. Mining Ravencoin remains profitable depending on the Mining Ravencoin is still lucrative, based on the Proof of work and proof of stake consensus procedures are used on the Aeternity blockchain.
Cuckoo Cycle is the name of the proof-of-work method, which is an ASIC-resistant and power-efficient algorithm. After that, configure it, and AE will begin to appear in your wallet. Litecoin LTC , one of the best Bitcoin hard forks, has a wide appeal and solid features. It is consistently ranked as one among the top 10 successful cryptocurrencies, and for a good reason. LTC mining employs the Scrypt system and is one of the most profitable coins to mine using a graphics card.
As can be seen, the hashing function used is Scrypt, and all Litecoin miners would be rewarded with As of January , a total of Over the course of , Litecoin mining got more profitable and remained at approximately the same level in early We could say that the expected growth is unduly optimistic.
The creators of the digital asset believed that the rise of ASICs had made Bitcoin and other leading cryptocurrencies overly centralized. Only processors and GPUs are meant to be used to implement the method. Vertcoin is a popular alternative for home miners because of this algorithmic consideration.
Joining a mining pool could help you maximize your hash rate and boost your chances of receiving a large reward. To get started mining, go to vertcoin. Vertcoin mining still seems to be profitable, depending on the 2. They employed technical chart analysis to anticipate future price movement, much like the previous prediction. Smart contracts are best for firms and organizations that want to run them.
The block reward in Ethereum Classic is 3. Every Depending on the mining hardware hash rate of You could get better results and get more money, particularly if you join a mining pool. Dogecoin DOGE , which began as a light-hearted joke, quickly grew in popularity to being one of the most successful and widely-adopted cryptocurrencies in no time!
It was first launched in December as a fork of the Litecoin cryptocurrency. It employs the Scrypt technology and has no limit on total supply. The current block reward is 10, Dogecoins per block. Depending on the mining hardware hash rate of 2, While, as of right now, mining Dogecoin has always been profitable… The profitability of mining could even fluctuate dramatically. Dogecoin came close to doing so lately, reaching a high of over 75 cents per DOGE. Holders will benefit the most from this.
Haven Protocol is a Monero-based private coin. People may exchange, transmit, and store monetary value directly from their wallets, eliminating the need for middlemen, custodians, and third parties. It currently lets you to change Haven crypto directly into other fiat-pegged tokens from your wallet. On the site, no one sets the exchange rates, and there are no conversion limits for any supported asset. You must constantly read, research, and learn because mining technology is rapidly improving, resulting in new ways to improve your coin mining results.
The most successful coin miners research the ideal ways to tweak and increase their currency mining performance for hours each week. A free private database that serves as your cryptocurrency wallet. Your wallet stores your earnings in a password-protected vault and maintains a network-wide ledger of transactions. The most you want to pay for your mining hobby is 14 cents per kilowatt-hour for most mining systems.
Mining currencies like Bitcoin, Litecoin, Peer coin, and Feather currency would not be profitable beyond 14 cents. You should also think about your dollar-per-day rate, as a profit rate of two dollars per day might require 2 years to pay off your hardware investment if you decide to sell right away and not hodl. Both yes and no. In order to make serious income from cryptocurrencies mining, you will have to create a mining rig that is mostly composed of GPUs or dedicated mining hardware.
Probably the most efficient mining hardware are dedicated miners such as Bitmain S17 Pro and Antminer D3. However, dedicated miners only work for custom-built rigs, and cost a lot as well. Therefore, you will want to seriously consider purchasing a PC or laptop that is powerful enough to do the job, while also allowing you to play games , browse the internet, and do other day-to-day tasks.
Our team of expert testers with a combined experience of more than 15 years has tested a wide range of devices to create this list. They analyzed the products both in a head-to-head comparison with the contenders and also as a single unit. This type of analysis allows the team to observe any advantages that can be found as the devices are exposed to real-life tests both concerning crypto mining but also GPU benchmarks across a variety of games with different requirements.
To make the best choice when investing in a PC for mining crypto, here are the elements that you need to consider:. The product list resulted after our team of testers have gone through the process of choosing ensures that no matter which one you choose, you will be ready to tackle crypto mining and other day-to-day tasks without any issues.
As we mentioned previously, the GPU is the most important component from the perspective of cryptocurrency mining, as its capability equates to the mining efficiency level. A powerful GPU not only allows you to mine more in less time but also ensures that the speed is optimized throughout the process. Beyond the crypto-related capabilities, a good GPU will also ensure that your system will be able to run the latest games, image processing software , CAD applications , etc.
Because the crypto mining process will require your GPU to work at full speed the entire time, a good cooling system will make a very big difference. It will allow the GPU to maintain normal temperatures while mining, and thus will improve productivity exponentially. Not all cooling systems are the same, and in the last decade, companies have released a variety of types, each with its own benefits in rapport to the cost.
As you can see from the image above, even though one system might look better than the other, there are plenty of disadvantages to choosing any of them. For optimal cooling, it is best to consider using a combination of both types presented above, as this would cover all aspects and complement each other.
Your CPU will benefit greatly from a liquid cooling system , but other components will also need an air-based cooling system to maintain optimal temperature. Even if the CPU is not used specifically when it comes to crypto mining, having a good CPU will ensure that every last bit of processing power from your GPU can be used efficiently. Software like this protects your hard-earned cryptocurrencies from being taken over, and at the same time protects your system from any other phishing or malware attacks.
It has been placed in the 3rd position in our list because of the excessive price. These GPU specs will be enough for you to mine crypto efficiently, and it will also be able to run the latest games without any problem, with 4K gaming quality. The design of this powerful system completes the setup, with a beautiful transparent tempered glass side panel that allows seeing it work its magic.
Besides this, the minimalistic design with the OMEN logo at the front makes this system one of the best-looking on this list. As it is also VR-ready, your new system will be capable of exploring 3D worlds as soon as you set it up. The MEG Trident X from MSI is another great option for your crypto-mining activities, coming very close to the first choice in this guide, but at a more affordable price.
Expert Tip: Some PC issues are hard to tackle, especially when it comes to corrupted repositories or missing Windows files. If you are having troubles fixing an error, your system may be partially broken. We recommend installing Restoro, a tool that will scan your machine and identify what the fault is. Click here to download and start repairing. For this reason, if you consider that having more space is important, this device would be the right choice.
The front RGB LED gives this powerful machine a very slick and futuristic look, but it is also used to provide in-game and real-time notifications. In our opinion, the combination between the effect and utilizability of the front LED makes this system stand out from the crowd without issues. To ensure that you can start crypto-mining and playing games as soon as you get the delivery, this device comes with Windows 10 Pro pre-installed.
As a bonus, you also get a JTD Webcam in the package, that not only provides great image quality but comes in with a privacy cap, which can be closed at open at will. The producer ensures that the CPU is overclocked from the factory, and thus makes the most out of every last bit of power. To back up this CPU and maintain its temperature across time, a liquid cooling system is installed.
The case in which these components are contained looks like a cyborg from the future, with a big cooling vent in the front, and Aura Sync RGB lighting. The glass panel allows you to appreciate the RGB lights inside the device as well, while at the same time offering quick access to the components.
If you decide to order this system, you also get a gaming mouse and keyboard, so nothing will get into your way to start gaming or mining crypto. The CUK Continuum Micro is another powerful system that enables you to mine cryptocurrency from the comfort of your own home, and without compromising on versatility. The processor is cooled by a liquid system, thus providing silent operation.
Even though the total storage is similar to the other models we presented in this guide, it has a small SSD in comparison, but you can always invest in one later. To ensure that you can start mining as soon as the delivery arrives, this system comes bundled with a wired LED backlit USB gaming keyboard and a mouse.
COK also offers a 3-year limited warranty, so you can rest assured that your system will run optimally. The design of this system, even though simple when turned off, comes to life instantly when you start it. The front panel of the case features an infinity mirror effect with RGB lighting, which can be customized to fit your desire, from solid to fading, to strobe, to breathing, etc.
On the side, it has a hinged glass panel that showcases the interior elements and provides quick access to its components. Shadow 3. The GPU on this device ensures that your crypto-mining process will be effective, as it is a great contender for all the other system options we presented in this guide.
You also get a 1 TB SSD that allows you to store and access your data at lightning speeds, and even though this amount might not be enough for avid miners, it can always be extended considerably. When it comes to RAM, this system offers a 16GB DDR4 which ensures that you will not encounter any issues while running multiple system-demanding applications at once. To keep the temperature in check, the Shadow 3.
Subscribed to bci-eu. Pool difficulty update: 0. Need to wait a bit. Accepted 86 ms. The remuneration to the miners is paid precisely for the number of solved ball. There are no default values! If two parameters are specified, separated by commas, then you need to write only one of the parameters. These are synonyms. Default is By default, all devices found are used. If you did not specify a port, then port is used by default. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.
VKontakte Twitter Facebook Telegram. Changes in v3. Example of bat file: Pool: TT-Miner. You can take it on the exchange where the coin is traded, or install a cold wallet rig1 — after we entered the wallet address, put a dot and indicate the name of our farm.
More on this below Subscribed to bci-eu. Need to wait a bit DAG created in 2. It takes the miner about minutes until he shows a stable hash rate. Here is a ready-made example of a batch file. You will find other examples in the article below. Read more: TT-Miner v3. TT-Miner 3. GMiner v2. XMRig v5. Prev Binance exchange has expanded its list of supported fiat currencies.
Opens our rating of video cards for mining, the flagship model Ti Titanium from Nvidia has always been the best in performance at all times. And the high performance of the GPU is the high efficiency of cryptocurrency mining. Top-end graphics card for mining from AMD, the famous manufacturer in mining circles.
The most powerful of the Radeon family with impressive features, but also high power consumption. A great solution for a miner with a more limited budget. The calculation of the mining efficiency shows that the Nvidia GeForce RTX copes with its task and effectively mines a wide range of altcoins, this time the best result is achieved with Zcoin XZC.
A powerful graphics card for mining with excellent characteristics, but at the same time with the traditional Radeon family problem associated with high power consumption and heat dissipation. For the rest of the altcoins, the situation is deplorable. One of the positions in our ranking of the best graphics cards for mining is the budget Nvidia GTX model. It compares favorably with its older counterparts in low price and excellent power for a budget product.
The calculation of the mining efficiency shows that the Nvidia GTX in this period shows high efficiency and is profitable with a large number of cryptocurrencies. An excellent graphics card with a powerful GPU, but also with a traditionally high price for the Nvidia Titanium series.
However, one should not forget that the high data processing speed of this model is compensated by the high energy consumption. The calculation of mining efficiency shows that Nvidia GTX Ti in this period shows normal efficiency and is most profitable with Ethereum Classic ETC , but other cryptocurrencies also show good results. At the same time, miners pointed out problems with software in the early revisions of this model, which caused a hash rate to drop.
Calculation of mining efficiency shows that Nvidia GTX Ti in this period shows normal efficiency and is most profitable with Zcoin XZC , but relatively good results are also shown for other cryptocurrencies. This video card is a real favorite for miners among the products of the company Nvidia.
Powerful, inexpensive and reliable, it has gained well-deserved popularity. The calculation of the mining efficiency shows that the Nvidia GTX in this period shows normal efficiency and is most profitable with Ethereum Classic ETC , but a positive result is also shown for other cryptocurrencies. When choosing video cards for mining, which in the future will become an integral part of your mining farm, you should focus not only on profitability indicators, but also their cost.
After all, the cost of the same video card can vary significantly depending on where exactly you get it.
Bitcoin Mining on Windows Download the Quick Start archive by the 2Miners pool. This archive is completely safe: you can always find it on the. How to Build a Mining Rig (6 GPU Crypto Mining Rig Setup) ; Step 1) Attaching the Motherboard. Interested in building a system for mining cryptocurrency? Here's all the hardware you need and what you need to know to get started.